Letras Enredadas http://letrasenredadas.com/ Wed, 18 May 2022 10:36:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://letrasenredadas.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png Letras Enredadas http://letrasenredadas.com/ 32 32 Crosswords – Global Times https://letrasenredadas.com/crosswords-global-times/ Wed, 18 May 2022 10:36:00 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/crosswords-global-times/



1 Like blue lobsters, compared to red ones

6 back

9 Not just check, in poker

14 Conclusion on the Greek alphabet

15 In the style of

16 Like Raw Gemstones

17 Salad Bar Tool

18 CD-___

19 judges to come

20 *Loo

23 Ref. work began in 1857

24 resource wells

25 “Like This ___” (Harry Styles 2022 hit)

28 * Shed

34 Administered

35 Warty Animal

36 Reckless Speed

37 “Rewind”, on a computer

39 Disney Movie with Samoan Song Lyrics

42 Work as a mall elf, for example

43 Notions

45 “What the ___!”

47 Faucet

48 *Registered

52 Web portal that uses Bing

53 Calling Pigeons

54 sight light?

55 Instant Noodles Guideline and a Hint to Fix Starred Hints

61 Person in plaster

64 Eggs

65 Clever Dodge

66 Powdered protein drink, possibly

67 Part of a wheel or drum

68 Calligraphy detail

69 Embedded

70 Poem full of praise

71 Easy gaits


1 Campus Walking Group

2 Love, in Lima

3 Contact lens care brand

4 Double-dare, say

5 Most impulsive

6 Bring, like cash

7 WordPress creation

8 Mah-jongg suit that is also a plant

9 He Travels With Cupid

10 One More Time

11 Surface Zamboni

12 total

13 Space Travelers: Rev.

21 “Under the weather”, for example

22 ___-Manuel Miranda

25 Not Fooled By

26 Small role in “Avengers: Endgame”?

27 Treeless Plain

28 “Some things never change”, e.g.

29 Complete strangers, informally

30 From the Machu Picchu mountain range

31 The Way, in Eastern Philosophy

32 Montana Neighbor

33 Piece of Feed Bag

38 Wood hidden in the “changing rooms”

40 Pickleball Court Barrier

41 Felt Bad

44 Fortified

46 Island in South Florida

49 Bun and bob, briefly

50 “Neighbor” in a Studio Ghibli movie

51 Lodge Building Animal

55 Child (approx.)

56 Enthusiastic

57 Judi Dench Title

58 Southeast Asian root

59 Cut and paste menu

60 They whistle while working

61 Wood hidden in the “toilets”

62 Energy, in Eastern Philosophy

63 La Brea ___ Pits



How to Find Cool Free Fire Nicknames with Stylish Font and Unique Symbols in May 2022 https://letrasenredadas.com/how-to-find-cool-free-fire-nicknames-with-stylish-font-and-unique-symbols-in-may-2022/ Wed, 18 May 2022 08:14:59 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/how-to-find-cool-free-fire-nicknames-with-stylish-font-and-unique-symbols-in-may-2022/

Free Fire is one of the most dynamic titles in terms of customizations. Players have the power to change many settings to play and enjoy the game according to their comfort level. Developers keep adding more of these customizations with each new update to improve players’ gaming experience.

Players have the option to add stylish fonts and unique symbols to make their profiles more impressive. Changing the name is also very simple and requires less effort. This article introduces easy tricks to find cool nicknames with stylish fonts and symbols in Free Fire.

Tips for Finding Cool Free Fire Nicknames with Stylish Fonts

Garena has included the ability for players to add various cool and stylish symbols and fonts to a player’s game character in Free Fire. With this feature, players can create catchy nicknames for their profile and stand out on their friend list. Here are some of the best websites players can use to get cool and unique fonts and symbols to add to their in-game nicknames:

1) NickFinder

Nickfinder is one of the most used websites to create a unique nickname or get stylish fonts and symbols for free. Players can go to their browser and search for the website. The website has sections like a cool text generator where players can type any name in the dialog box and get free nicknames with different styles.

Here are 25 free nicknames that players can use as in-game character names:

  1. Badßoy
  3. T1tan
  5. υηκηοωηAnnihilator
  6. Hyper
  7. Hunt3r
  8. Critical
  9. Troll
  10. R3kt
  11. Bʀʌvo
  12. S+ULL#10 ω⊙↳Ϝ
  13. 𝐌𝐚𝐱𝐢𝐦𝐮𝐬
  14. ℌ𝔢𝔞𝔡𝔰𝔥𝔬𝔱
  15. XÆA
  16. Resurrect
  17. 尺丨丂乇
  19. LoN3
  20. 𝘝𝘢𝘯𝘪𝘴𝘩
  21. 尺ΛЛƓƐ尺
  22. ѕтσям
  23. 𝐁𝐫𝐮𝐢𝐬𝐞
  24. Mσσɳɾιʂҽ

Guide to change the name in Free Fire

youtube cover

The renaming process in FF title is easy to learn. For starters, here is a step-by-step guide on how to change the name in Free Fire:

1) Open FF title on your smartphone.

2) Players who create a new account will have the option to add their unique nickname in the account creation process.

3) Players who have an account in the game must have a rename card.

4) To buy a renown card, players can go to the store and buy a card using diamonds.

5) After that, click on the purchased rename card, and a new dialog box with the option to change the name will appear.

6) Players can copy any name or any symbol or font and paste it into the box.

7) Click the OK button to complete the process and the new name will be instantly visible to other players.

Announcing the 2022 Excellence in Teaching Award Recipients – The Columbia Chronicle https://letrasenredadas.com/announcing-the-2022-excellence-in-teaching-award-recipients-the-columbia-chronicle/ Tue, 17 May 2022 21:51:53 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/announcing-the-2022-excellence-in-teaching-award-recipients-the-columbia-chronicle/
Elias Gonzalez

Senior Vice President and Vice President Marcella David announced the four recipients of Columbia’s 2022 Excellence in Teaching Award earlier this month.

She also noted that all four have fascinating teaching ideologies that have helped students embrace the spirit and passion they each have for their respective subjects.

Susan Kerns, Associate Professor, Film and Television Arts

Originally from Iowa, Kerns wanted to teach since she was little. Kerns said she fondly remembers a teacher who gave her unused worksheets that she used play “school” with during summer.

“It seemed strangely magical,” said Kerns, who is also associate chair of her department. “It was something that stuck with me that education could be exciting and fun and it could be play. It didn’t just have to take place in a proper classroom.

Today in Kerns’ class she said the students helped her see professionalism in the film industry differently.

“Filmmaking can be kind of a dream job; there are usually bad behaviors that people [in the industry] let it go and the next generation won’t have it, and I think that’s great. It was great to work with younger people because they keep me on my toes when it comes to my assumptions about what professionalism is,” Kerns said.

Kerns also teaches film and media theory at Columbia.

“I love teaching theory,” Kerns said. “It opens students’ eyes to seeing films and the content they deal with, the way they are shot, the way they are put together and their relationship to society.”

Tasha Oren was Kerns’ Ph.D. to advise from the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and Catherine MacGillivray was Kerns’ master’s advisor at the University of Northern Iowa. Kerns said she credits both mentors for why she received the Excellence in Teaching Award.

Be recognized as one of the Excellence in Teaching Awards recipients feel good, Kerns said. She said she bought a new dress as a reward for her win because she thinks it’s important to celebrate achievements.

Jackie Spinner, Associate Professor, Communications

“I’m grateful for the recognition,” Spinner said. “Especially in the last two years of the pandemic.”

spinner said it three children aged three, seven and nine influenced her growth as a teacher during “incredibly difficult times” for students and teachers.

Spinner said humanity is a two-way street between her and her students and is central to her teaching style.

“I tried to be compassionate in the face of these difficulties, but I also had to ask for grace from my students as I juggled work and life in a pandemic,” Spinner said. “All of this makes the award more meaningful.”

Spinner said Neil Henry, one of them graduate professors at the University of California-Berkeley is a mentor for her.

“Neil was one of the best teachers I’ve ever had,” Spinner said. “Neil’s passion for journalism was contagious, and I hope mine is too.”

Spinner emphasizes journalistic credibility, an ideology that challenges students to think beyond their personal experiences and relate to the experiences of others, arguing that if a journalist loses their credibility, they can never get it back.

“That’s the one area where I’m adamant. You can’t cut corners in journalism when it comes to trust,” Spinner said.

Terri Griffith, Adjunct Faculty Member, Humanities, History and Social Sciences

Since teaching for about 20 years, assistant professor Terri Griffith said she was surprised when she received the Excellence in Teaching Award – the first time she received an award from the college.

“In some ways, I don’t think it’s fair to have received this award when I did because everyone worked so hard during the pandemic,” Griffith said.

Griffith, who also teaches in the Art and art history, noted the support of that of the department Associate President, Joan Giroux, for helping her extend her teaching through the college. Griffith planned for Queer visual culture lessons during the pandemic and also worked to develop classes around LGBTQ+ activism and history in discussion-based classes.

“I learned that for many [my] students, the classroom might be the only place they went out,” Griffith said. “It’s their only safe space…I’ve had more than one student who didn’t speak on Zoom and only participated in the chat because they were in a house where they couldn’t chat these things out loud.”

While Griffith said being recognized now is meaningful, she also said “everyone has won this trophy” for their work on the pandemic.

Chris Eliopoulos, Associate Professor of Education, Design

Associate Professor Chris Eliopoulos is a professional illustrator and cartoonist. He teaches illustration, digital illustration, children’s books and cartooning classes in middle school.

The award committee said Eliopoulos’ encouragement of the importance of student mental health, combined with positive reinforcement through creative engagement, was key to being chosen as the recipient.

Eliopoulos, a 2007 graduate who studied fine arts, previously worked as editor of the Columbia Chronicle from 2012 to 2014.

Eliopoulos clients and publishers include Disney Animation Studios, Nickelodeon and Simon and Schuster.

The Teaching Award Committee is made up of Associate Professor Sharon Bloyd-Peshkin, Professor Elizabeth Davis Berg, Associate Professor Anne Marie Mitchell, Assistant Professor Khalid Long, Assistant Professor Florian Hollerweger and Assistant Professor Onur Ozturk. Adjunct faculty members Kristi Bramlett and Jeffery Christian are also on the committee. Ames Hawkins is an ex officio member.

What does it take to join NATO? https://letrasenredadas.com/what-does-it-take-to-join-nato/ Tue, 17 May 2022 05:53:00 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/what-does-it-take-to-join-nato/

EXPLANATION : NATO is the world’s most successful military alliance, essential both to the West’s success in the Cold War and to securing the European order that followed. He struggled with many doubts about his purpose in the post-Cold War world. Yet it has grown considerably over the decades, growing from the original 12 allies in 1949 to 30 today. The last to join was North Macedonia in 2020. Now Finland, and probably Sweden, is knocking on the door. Why do countries want to join NATO and what does it take to become a member?

The main attraction is Article 5 of the Washington Treaty, NATO’s founding document, which sets out the mutual defense promise: “The parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or in North America will be considered an attack on them. This is often seen as a guarantee to militarily defend an attacked ally; in fact, a member only undertakes to “assist” and take “such measures as he deems necessary” to restore or maintain security in the North Atlantic region This may – or may not – include the armed force.

Flags flutter in the wind in front of NATO headquarters in Brussels.

Olivier Matthys/AP

Flags flutter in the wind in front of NATO headquarters in Brussels.

There are few treaty rules for joining the alliance. NATO does not have a European-style acquis, the vast body of legislation that new members must adopt into national law. Article 10 of the Washington Treaty states that the allies may unanimously invite “any other European state in a position to promote the principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic region”.

It does not define “European”, nor does it say what the members’ contribution should be. Membership is therefore largely a matter of political discretion – above all the wishes of America, the largest contributor to the alliance and its ultimate guarantor, which extends its nuclear deterrent through NATO.

* NATO chief says Finland and Sweden welcome to apply for membership
* US and NATO ‘unified’ against Russia invasion, halt calls for military aid from Ukraine
* Explained: Could Ukrainian “neutrality” help end the Russian war?
* NATO does not understand Moscow’s strategy in escalating tensions

Greece and Turkey, although governed at various times by military juntas, have been members since 1952. But with the accession of post-Franco Spain in 1982, NATO membership became more closely linked to the democratization of Europe, especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union. . Membership therefore became a more formal process with accepted standards. One is NATO’s “open door” policy, whereby the alliance offers the prospect of membership to all European countries willing and able to join.

Others were the requirements set out in the NATO Enlargement Study, a policy document from 1995. They included: a functioning democratic political system based on a market economy; fair treatment of minorities; a commitment to the peaceful resolution of conflicts; the ability and willingness to make a military contribution to NATO; and civilian control over military forces. Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic joined in 1999.

That year, NATO launched a “Membership Action Plan” (MAP) to help other hopefuls. For many countries, NATO membership has become, in effect, a step towards EU membership. NATO members have promised to spend 2% of their GDP on defence, but this target is not binding and most allies are still not reaching it.

Two sets of problems have slowed down NATO enlargement in recent years. One concerns the tangled conflicts of the Western Balkans. North Macedonia only joined after settling a drawn-out dispute with Greece over its official name; Bosnia and Herzegovina, torn by internal tensions, remains in the antechamber.

US President Joe Biden speaks about the Russian invasion of Ukraine during a press conference after a NATO summit.

Evan Vucci/AP

US President Joe Biden speaks about the Russian invasion of Ukraine during a press conference after a NATO summit.

An even greater difficulty has been Russia’s hostility to NATO that has spilled over into ex-Soviet territories, particularly Georgia and Ukraine. At the Bucharest summit in 2008, the divided NATO allies agreed on an awkward compromise: the two countries were not formally admitted to the MAP, but were told vaguely that they “would become NATO members. Later that year, Russia fought a short war against Georgia in support of the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Similarly in Ukraine, in response to the Maidan revolution of 2014, Russia seized Crimea and fomented a separatist revolt that led to the creation of the separatist regions of Donetsk and Lugansk.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, allegedly in the name of further NATO expansion, caused a profound shift in mentality in the West. Russia is again an acute threat; defense spending is increasing in Europe, especially in Germany; the allies pour weapons on Ukraine; and after a brief internal debate, Finland is about to apply, almost certainly followed by Sweden.

Despite their tradition of non-alignment, both Finland and Sweden have been close to NATO, especially since 2014, sending soldiers to Afghanistan, participating in NATO exercises, sharing intelligence and attending alliance meetings. Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General of NATO, declared “we will welcome them with open arms”.

Since these are mature democracies and highly interoperable with NATO, membership should be quick. Prospective members must send a letter of intent to NATO and, assuming it approves, hold talks on a range of political, defence, legal and technical issues. NATO would then draft accession protocols which could be signed by ministers or ambassadors to NATO.

While these preliminary steps can be completed quickly, within weeks, membership requires ratification by all existing NATO members, which can take months. Macedonia signed the accession protocol in February 2019, but did not officially join until March 2020. NATO officials expect the process for Finland and Sweden to be much faster. “These are not normal times,” said one.

Even so, at a time when Russia accuses NATO of waging a proxy war against it and waves the nuclear saber, the accession process creates a period of vulnerability where an aspiring state may face retaliation or harassment by Russia but not formally covered by Article 5. Allies may offer interim assurances. The most explicit came from Britain, which on May 11 exchanged letters with Sweden and Finland promising to help them if attacked. Even more reassuring would be a similar promise from America.

© 2020 The Economist Newspaper Limited. All rights reserved. Excerpt from The Economist published under licence. The original article can be found at www.economist.com.

]]> Bob’s Art Blog: Burg Preview Weekend 3rd; This, that and the other https://letrasenredadas.com/bobs-art-blog-burg-preview-weekend-3rd-this-that-and-the-other/ Mon, 16 May 2022 14:47:18 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/bobs-art-blog-burg-preview-weekend-3rd-this-that-and-the-other/

THIS: 94and International art exhibition with jury at the AAH

May means multiple arrivals, from the first of May to the flowers that bloom on my birthday and, a few days later, 3rd in the Bourg. The May issue also talks about longevity. Not me at 71, but the Art Association of Harrisburg’s 94and Juried International Art Show with its opening reception on Friday evening from 5 to 8 p.m.

“The Little Death” by Nicole Dubé

After more than 90 years of this global spectacle, the AAH has turned it into a science. Curator Rachel O’Connor and CEO Carrie Wissler-Thomas promise a stellar cast of artists and art from here and abroad. The gallery will be jam-packed, covering every medium imaginable. Jury selections are being finalized with many submissions. Ms O’Connor captured one under serious scrutiny for a preview.

Carlisle photographer extraordinaire, Nicole Dube, has created thought-provoking and haunting digital photography with a nod to portraiture from the past. Dube’s directing was powerful enough to win second place in cinematography for this prestigious show. His lens is a beautiful resting female figure, slumped in a chair that hints at an air of mystery that envelops the scene. The color photograph, titled “La Petite Mort”, only widens the gap as an opening and with inconclusive evidence in sight.

Better call Poirot. The Friday night festivities feature artist/musician Jonathan Frazier, who offers music perfect for the season. The guest juror is Nadiah Rivera Fellah, curator at the Cleveland Museum of Art. The sponsors of the exhibition are Traci Meloni and David Volkman. The show runs from May 20 to July 7.

Illustrated by Wei Guo Peaden

The international theme continues at the MLK City Government Center in Harrisburg. Operating under the aegis of the AAH, Carrie Wissler-Thomas offers art exhibits to businesses in the area. Chinese artist Wei Guo Peaden showcases artistic diversity through her “Traditional Chinese Paintings,” which promote community engagement. The show now runs until August 31 at City Hall. The exhibition presents watercolors in ink. Traditional Chinese painting follows the aesthetics of calligraphy, adhering to finely executed brushstrokes. The lounge is open to the public during normal business hours at 1 N. 2n/a St., Harrisburg.

QUE: Youth Art Exhibition at Nyeusi Gallery

At what age does artistic talent and creativity begin? In all likelihood, in the womb, as humanity is genetically hardwired at birth. This predisposition takes root when mentored by like-minded parents, teachers, and even friends.

The Nyeusi Gallery in Midtown offers kids 5 and up their own exclusive exhibit to show off their art, with an opening reception on Sunday, May 22 at 6 p.m. Before the gallery opened its doors last September, one of its cornerstones was built around community involvement beyond the Midtown corridor where Nyeusi is located at 1224 N. 3rd St. This latest exhibit will add dimension additional to this promise. After all, the future is in the hands of our youth, both intellectually and creatively.

Gallery owners Dr Dale Dangleben and Michelle Green are playbook proponents of putting art outreach programs at the center of their mission to keep young people involved. Through interest and efforts that engage young hands as well as minds, Nyeusi continues to explore new avenues of participation.

In addition to youth art, Michelle hosts regular chess club sessions for kids while her partner keeps intellects sharp by presenting trivia podcasts imparting wisdom for all ages. Both invite young and old to this first annual “youth art exhibition” this Sunday evening. Bring the kids and grandkids along to open up a world of possibilities. After all, there is no age limit when it comes to art. The exhibition runs from May 22 to June 22.


A thank you event was recently held at the Carlisle Arts Learning Center (CALC) on Cinco de Mayo, the art haven hosting a salute party from M&T Bank to area nonprofits. Staging is a crucial part of any event’s puzzle, requiring an artistic ambiance that sets the bar high. Nobody does it better than the ladies of CALC. This evening was hosted by Maureen Madio, who paid great attention to the smallest details.

Cinco de Mayo at the Carlisle Arts Learning Center

Upon entering the CALC’s upstairs gallery, guests were transported to the enchanting country of Mexico with handmade paper flowers forming a garden of magnificent splendour. Making Madio’s Mayflowers even prettier than the real deal was no easy task, but she topped it off by mixing up a medley of margaritas, made memorable by their colorful array. She was assisted by Cathy Stone, curator, Becky Richeson, executive director, and Lauren Aungst, ceramic workshop coordinator, as well as Savannah Manetta, art professor at CALC and AAH.

The party was a success from all points of view. The party thanked Carlisle nonprofits and featured an impassioned speech from Morgan Rector, Vice Chairman of M&T Bank, who eloquently paid tribute to the tireless board members and staff who often operate in behind the scenes. These nonprofits are agents of change, making the community of Carlisle a remarkable contributor to a better way of life in central PA. The long-standing partnership, with CALC which organizes this annual event, is guaranteed by M&T Bank in recognition of the achievements and services of non-profit organisations.

If you like what we do, support our work. Become a friend of TheBurg!

Cast Roald Dahl to be returned to Norwegian Church in Cardiff https://letrasenredadas.com/cast-roald-dahl-to-be-returned-to-norwegian-church-in-cardiff/ Mon, 16 May 2022 10:02:58 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/cast-roald-dahl-to-be-returned-to-norwegian-church-in-cardiff/

THE font in which iconic Welsh writer Roald Dahl was baptized in 1916 is returned to the Norwegian Church in Cardiff Bay, where the Dahl family worshipped.

The baptismal font will be returned to the 19th-century church as part of Norwegian Constitution Day celebrations on Tuesday, May 17.

The day will also include a parade in traditional Norwegian costume starting at the Millennium Center at 5:00 p.m. and continuing to the church. This will be followed by the raising of the Norwegian flag and the unveiling of a plaque on the renovated terrace.

Tomorrow will also mark the official opening of the new independent charity which had taken over management of the church from Cardiff Council.

The charity has five goals for the future of the church:

  • Heritage – developing exhibits interpreting the rich history of the church since its construction in 1868 and its transfer to the existing site in 1992.
  • Arts – reviving the arts program including music events, exhibitions and craft fairs.
  • Community – providing facilities for people living in and around Cardiff Bay and working with other local organizations including primary schools.
  • Encourage Norwegian links with Wales.
  • Launch of a renewed coffee with a Norwegian flavor, which will support finances.

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Quentin Coulombier on the art of designing film titles https://letrasenredadas.com/quentin-coulombier-on-the-art-of-designing-film-titles/ Mon, 16 May 2022 09:57:31 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/quentin-coulombier-on-the-art-of-designing-film-titles/

True to his cinematographic training, Quentin Coulombier likes to set the scene for a discussion around typography: “Sunday evening – 9:23 p.m.; looking for a good movie to watch, browsing streaming sites, pages full of posters. Some of them will hold your attention more than others. In this situation, Quentin argues that the typography used on movie posters is just as important, or almost as important as the imagery.

In fact, Quentin would go so far as to argue that typography should be considered along with sound and image as the third crucial ingredient in the art of cinema. With his experience creating lettering for a wide range of film projects (Larry Clark’s latest film among them), he’s quite the expert on the subject. Along with hands-on experience, the typographer wrote his master’s thesis on the myriad uses of typography in film. It’s a font of knowledge when it comes to movie fonts, so we decided to trust it.

The first thing he emphasizes are the easiest typographical elements to miss from a film – the sign on a storefront, graffiti on a wall, a train ticket or a handwritten letter . “As a background entity, it may just be there, not essential to understanding the story,” says Quentin. Creating eye-catching type in this context isn’t necessarily the goal, rather it should blend into the background, adding the final veneer to the fictional world constructed in a film. “They are necessary for the projection of the spectator in an atmosphere of everyday life”, he adds. “Text and fonts are there to help invoke or revoke the notion of reality, to shape fiction.”

Then there is the text that is added to the images, for example the opening sequences, “where the titles, quotes or summaries certainly help to lay the foundations of the narration”. It’s Quentin’s specialty. When he designed the title of Larry Clarke’s latest film A day in a life, he notes that while the “shapes of the letters” are the most obvious thing to consider, they were not necessarily the most important. When you design a title for a film, it’s also about time and rhythm, space and composition,” he says. In that sense, it’s very different from working within the 2D confines of a movie poster, where composing an eye-catching yet static format is the primary concern.

The forgotten Glasgow suffragette protest that saw Emmeline Pankhurst arrested https://letrasenredadas.com/the-forgotten-glasgow-suffragette-protest-that-saw-emmeline-pankhurst-arrested/ Sun, 15 May 2022 15:38:22 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/the-forgotten-glasgow-suffragette-protest-that-saw-emmeline-pankhurst-arrested/

On March 9, 1914, a large meeting of the Women’s Social and Political Union met at St Andrew’s Hall, Glasgow.

On a day known as the Battle of Glasgow, more than 30 suffragettes clashed with 50 police officers. At this point, the 1913 “Cat and Mouse” Act dealt with the problem of suffragettes on hunger strike – granting early release to prisoners so weakened that they risked death, who would then be recalled to prison once their health was restored. . .

The WSPU formed the Bodyguard, a group of trained women tasked with protecting suffragettes from arrest. These women traveled from London to Glasgow the day before Ms Pankhurst was due to speak – knowing she was subject to further arrest under the ‘Cat and Mouse Law’.

Inside the room, bouquets and garlands had been arranged along the stage to conceal barbed wire to hold back the police. As 4,000 people gathered for the meeting, officers hoped to arrest Pankhurst before she entered the room.

Manchester suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst, centre, pictured in January 1913 (Image: Mirrorpix – Manchester Evening News Archive)

In reality, she had been smuggled in a laundry basket earlier that day and was already at the scene. When she started to give her speech, it was only moments before officers attempted to arrest her.

With the police entangled in barbed wire, the suffragettes were groomed with buckets of water and used flag poles as battering rams. Things took a turn when Scottish suffragette Janie Allan pulled a gun from her skirt.

The ensuing riots saw police fire batons, and several suffragette supporters, including Ms Pankhurst, were arrested. She was taken to Central Police Station where, according to the Aberdeen Evening Express, she refused to eat or drink overnight.

More nostalgic stories from Glasgow

The publication told readers on March 10: ‘Ms Pankhurst, in charge of two of Scotland Yard’s officers, left Glasgow this morning and joined an express for London, great secrecy being kept as to the arrangements of the police.

“A crowd of supporters marched in front of the central police station all night. Large numbers of suffragettes turned up at Glasgow Central Station expecting to see Ms Pankhurst join the express, and there was widespread disappointment when news of the police maneuver broke.

Following the events, complaints were made about the behavior of the police with letters written to the Lord Provost of Glasgow as well as local newspapers. Janie Allen campaigned for an investigation into police brutality at the time and wrote attendees a written questionnaire about the event.

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Authorities rejected requests for an official investigation, adding that there was “no cause for complaint against the police”.

William Thomson, Chancellor of the University of Glasgow, made a statement to the Judicial Committee. It reads: “I wish to say a few words about the Glasgow suffrage riot from the point of view of its demoralizing influence on all concerned.

The Suffragette Oak in Kelvingrove Park was planted in 1918, to commemorate the right to vote granted to certain women (Image: Wikimedia Commons -Sara Thomas)
The Suffragette Oak in Kelvingrove Park was planted in 1918, to commemorate the right to vote granted to certain women (Image: Wikimedia Commons -Sara Thomas)

“To storm a hall or its platform by large detachments of police in order to ensure a single individual dutifully supported by a meeting which embraces a large section of the citizens’ elite must at all times to be a hazardous test of the moral qualities of the men on whom this work is imposed.

It would take four years before only certain women were granted the right to vote – those over 30 who owned land or premises worth more than £5. It was not until 1928 that women achieved electoral equality, granted to all women over the age of 21, regardless of property.

Emmeline Pankhurst, synonymous with the suffragette movement, died just weeks before the Equal Franchise Act was introduced in 1928.

]]> Keeping the Art of Urdu Calligraphy Alive in Hyderabad https://letrasenredadas.com/keeping-the-art-of-urdu-calligraphy-alive-in-hyderabad/ Sun, 15 May 2022 02:08:21 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/keeping-the-art-of-urdu-calligraphy-alive-in-hyderabad/

Abdul Ghaffar inspects the Urdu line I wrote then bursts out laughing. “For me, people like you who can read and write Urdu in normal script are padhe shade (letter). Not padhe likhe (educated),” says the calligraphy teacher at Idaara-e-Adabiyaat-e-Urdu in Hyderabad. “It would take about a year to teach you the Nastaliq script used in Urdu calligraphy. The first few months would be spent correcting your hand movements and unattractive handwriting,” he says, still guffawing.

Ghaffar is among the few surviving calligraphers in Hyderabad, doing his best to combat the rapid digitization of fonts and keep this ornate lettering style alive. He taught khatatior Urdu calligraphy, at the institute since the mid-1990s, describing what he does as a teacher both fan (art) and movie (awareness). Each year it has 25 students – those interested should have a basic knowledge of written and spoken Urdu; the minimum qualification is Class IX.

One of his former students is Ghouse Pasha, from a long line of railway employees who settled in Secunderabad. Pasha, who took the course over four years instead of the usual two since working alongside him, demonstrates the very first thing Ghaffar taught him – how to make a nuqta, or period. The point should be equal to the length, width and height of the top half of the qalam or reed pen nib. Art and geometry come together beautifully as Ghouse draws three identical dots aligned vertically.

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A beginner uses them as a reference to draw the letter Alif properly. Learning this specific alignment and length helps a novice grasp the length or width of each letter’s shape. It’s called paimaaishor measure.

This is the very first lesson, before progressing towards mastering the khat-e-naskhmost ornate khat-e-nastaliq and the elaborate khat-e-sulus (a style of Islamic calligraphy that uses curved, oblique lines instead of angles in letters).

Muqeemuddin writes invitations, posters, charity receipts and “madrasa” certificates.

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Need help from the state

Pasha and her former classmate, Safoora Raheen, hold classes at their home, teaching these techniques to children (Pasha teaches no more than six to seven children at a time, while Raheen takes groups of up to 25). Raheen says it’s important to keep kids interested in keeping the art alive. They also send invitation letters and certificates for a fee.

For calligraphy to survive and thrive, however, state support is needed, believes Ghaffar, who tried to follow up on a 1990 government (formerly Andhra Pradesh) order requiring every Urdu language school to appoint two ustads of calligraphy. The state formation of Telangana in 2014 saw the inclusion of Urdu and calligraphy in school curricula, but only those who teach regular script – not calligraphers – were appointed to schools, he said. If schools open their doors, adds Ghaffar, those who learn this art will be able to better use their talent to teach others.

Despite the challenges, calligraphy survives in Hyderabad. City historian Sajjad Shahid says, “In the late 1800s and early 1900s, Urdu began to lose its status as a government language in the north. It rose to prominence in Hyderabad when North Indian poets like Daagh Dehlvi and Ameer Minai came to the Deccan. Calligraphers were also part of this flight of talent to the south.

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The request of families

A few years ago, Mohammed Amer moved from Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh to Hyderabad to learn calligraphy and teach. He now teaches in two madrasas. He credits his talent to the late Nayeem Saberi, a calligrapher from the Jamal Market of Chatta Bazar in old Hyderabad; he not only took lessons from him, but also followed him around his store. “It would not have been possible to learn this art in my home town. The people of Hyderabad always appreciate the calligraphic text,” he says.

Most Muslim families in the city still distribute invitations for any function in Urdu and English, even if they cannot read Urdu. “While standards and patronage have diminished from pre-1948 days, mosques, cemeteries and some other establishments here still have signs in normal and calligraphic script,” Shahid explains. Even more encouraging, it’s not just Muslim families who are interested in calligraphy.

The affair of the invitations

However, there is still a long way to go. Chatta Bazaar still has a long alley of shops creating and selling invitation cards. But after Urdu fonts were computerized and digital printing took over in the 1990s, his calligraphers, whose deft strokes could turn plain black ink into exquisite text, had to find other jobs. Today, only one resident calligrapher, Muqeemuddin, 43, plies his trade here. He sends not only invitation letters, but also posters, charity receipts and madrasa certificates.

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Sitting cross-legged on a bench at SR Cards in Chatta Bazaar, Muqeemuddin says he started learning calligraphy when he was 15 from his paternal uncle. “I took on many apprentices, but no one continued beyond a month,” he says, looking up from a certificate he’s writing. Most simply lack the patience and discipline to perfect such calligraphy, he laments.

“Urdu is kept alive by newspapers and published literature, but these are printed in the usual way,” he says. “It is calligraphy that keeps Urdu alive in its most traditional form, and the demand for invitations keeps khatati alive.”

Daneesh Majid is a Hyderabad-based writer on South Asian culture and security.

]]> Jesse Danna, Jesuit baseball star, LSU and Pelicans, has been a winner at every level – Crescent City Sports https://letrasenredadas.com/jesse-danna-jesuit-baseball-star-lsu-and-pelicans-has-been-a-winner-at-every-level-crescent-city-sports/ Sat, 14 May 2022 17:08:30 +0000 https://letrasenredadas.com/jesse-danna-jesuit-baseball-star-lsu-and-pelicans-has-been-a-winner-at-every-level-crescent-city-sports/

Jesse Danna with an LSU 1939 SEC Championship baseball.

Jesse Danna was a boxing champion at 15, but it was ultimately in baseball that he made his mark. He was a champion in a lightweight boxing division, but when it came to throwing a baseball, he was a real heavyweight.

The little southpaw was his team’s top pitcher at every level of competition, including high school, American Legion, college and the pro ranks.

Danna first appeared in the New Orleans sports pages in 1933 as a competitive boxer at St. Aloysius High School. The 15-year-old fought in the 112-pound class, recording four knockouts in ten winning decisions leading into the state tournament. The scrappy freshman won the state title with five wins in his weight classification.

Danna swapped his boxing gloves for a baseball glove in the summer of 1933 when he was an outfielder for the St. Aloysius-based American Legion team.

After transferring to Jesuit High School, Danna played for their Legion team in 1934, becoming the go-to pitcher in coach Gernon Brown’s critical games. Danna was the winning pitcher in the City, South Louisiana, and State playoff games as the Jesuits won the state Legion title.

The Blue Jays moved through the Sixth Regional Tournament in Little Rock, followed by the Western Division where Danna beat Wichita and Seattle. Jesuit earned a spot in the Legion World Series in Chicago. After defeating Cumberland, Maryland, in the first contest for the Jesuits’ 18th straight win of the season, Danna lost a 13-inning heartbreaker in Game 2. Cumberland defeated Jesuit in the deciding championship match.

Danna was a second-team All-Prep player for Jesuit High in 1935, when the Blue Jays won the city and state championships.

The Jesuit went undefeated in 1936 and won both city and state prep titles. The team featured eleven players who earned All-Prep honors, including Danna and seven other first-team members. The Blue Jays had seven future professional players, including major leaguers Charlie Gilbert, “Fats” Dantonio and Connie Ryan, as well as future major league scout George Digby. The 1936 team was ranked the best high school team of all time in the New Orleans area by the Timetable-Picayune in 2003.

Danna enrolled at LSU in 1937 and played a freshman ball season followed by three-year lettering on the varsity team. He quickly established himself in trainer Harry Rabenhorst’s starting rotation.

As a junior in 1939, the little southpaw helped the Tigers win their first SEC baseball championship with a 10-2 conference record. Danna was credited with five of the wins. He posted fifteen strikeouts in one of his wins. During his senior season, the Timetable-Picayune called Danna “one of the greatest pitchers in Louisiana State college baseball history.”

Danna enrolled in medical school in the fall of 1940, a promise he made to his father. After seeing a scouting report, Brooklyn Dodgers manager Leo Durocher asked Danna to join the team at the end of the 1941 season. He stayed for six weeks but never signed a contract with the Dodgers. .

After convincing his father to try professional baseball, Danna signed with the New York Giants in 1942 and was first assigned to their Jersey City branch of the International League. His contract included a $5,000 bonus if he stayed with the team before July 1. However, the Giants released him before then. He signed with the Atlanta Crackers mid-season but broke his left hand when hit by a line drive. When Atlanta wanted to send him to a lower ranking to rehabilitate, he exercised an option in his contract to have him released if he did not play for Atlanta. Danna returned home to New Orleans where he signed with the Pelicans, then affiliated with the St. Louis Cardinals, for the remainder of the season. He won just two of 11 decisions for the entire season.

The New Orleans Pelicans, an affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1943, offered Danna a comeback contract. He had a stellar year with a league-leading 22 wins and only 7 losses. He posted a 3.16 ERA, slightly behind Ed Lopat’s league-leading 3.05. He was the last Pelicans pitcher to win 20 or more games. Danna’s catcher with the Pelicans was her former Jesuit teammate “Fats” Dantonio. The Pelicans finished in second place, four games behind the Nashville Vols. It was their best result since 1935. The Pelicans lost the playoffs in five games against Nashville.

Over the winter, Danna took a job with Pendleton Shipyards in New Orleans, where he also played for their semi-pro team. In late April 1944, he signed with the Pelicans, but his season was not as favorable as the previous year, as he finished with an 11-18 record for the last-placed Pelicans.

Danna won 17 games for fourth-place New Orleans in 1945. The Pelicans advanced to the playoffs and upset the league-leading Atlanta Crackers in the first round, with Danna earning two of the wins. But the Pels ended up losing to Mobile in the final round.

The Pelicans repeated their fourth-place finish in 1946, with Danna leading the team with 15 wins. The Pelicans, who had become an affiliate of the Boston Red Sox, pushed regular-season champion Mobile to seven games in the first round of the playoffs, but ended up losing. Danna received votes for MVP honors from the Southern Association.

After starting the 1947 season with the Pelicans with a 4-4 record, Danna was released to lead the Class D Valley Rebels (Georgia) in the Georgia-Alabama League. He was also on the list as a player. He finished with an 18-6 record and led the league with a 2.15 ERA in about half a season. Valley finished in third place and went on to win the playoffs against Opelika. Danna’s brother, Charlie, was the team’s catcher. They were both named to the league’s post-season all-star team.

A well-respected coach in the Georgia-Alabama League, Danna was offered another contract as Valley’s skipper in 1948. He was credited with turning young, inexperienced pitchers into winners. He had no problem inserting his own name into the roster, as he posted a 22-6 record and a 2.06 ERA. He was the winning pitcher at both ends of a doubleheader three times. The team finished in first place in the regular season and won the playoffs by defeating Newnan in the first round and sweeping Carrollton in four games in the Finals. The Danna Brothers appeared in a mid-season All-Star Game pitting Alabama players against their Georgia foes.

Following her success over the previous two years with Valley, Danna had ambitions to rise through the ranks as a manager in the professional ranks. Valley President Fob James had nothing but praise for Danna, “Jesse is a good discipliner and a smart baseball man. His 1948 club was made up largely of rookies sent to the club by the Boston Red Sox. Big league scouts and other former baseball men say Danna did a great job teaching these rookies baseball like you would find at any professional baseball club.

However, with Valley in last place in mid-May 1949, Danna was released as manager, ending his hope of managing at higher levels. For the rest of the season, he was able to become a player with Class C Thibodaux in the Evangeline League and then Class C Helena in the Cotton States League. It was the last season of his career.

Danna’s minor league career record was 113-81, including 69 wins with the Pelicans.

New Orleans native George Strickland, Danna’s teammate with the Pelicans and later a major league player and manager with the Cleveland Indians, had the following assessment of Danna: “He didn’t throw particularly hard. . It was a type of control. I think he might trap you. He might throw it next to you if you looked at enough junk.

Danna used his managerial experience to coach the NORD-DH Holmes team to National Rookie League national championships in 1954 and 1955. He was inducted into the Diamond Club Hall of Fame in 1975.

In 2005, Danna died at age 87.